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语法Grammar: “没有”(méiyǒu) 和 “不”(bù)


Both méiyǒu and bù can be used before a verb to mean not, but they are used in different kinds of sentences.

1. <1>“不”的典型用法是表示主观的态度,例如:

Bù is typically used to express a subjective attitude, such as:


(I did not watch TV in the past, do not watch TV now, and will not watch TV in the future.)


(I will no got back to dorm now.)


It is also used in sentences that express habitual actions or stative situations. Since adjectives function as stative verbs when used as the predicate of a sentence, they are always negated by bù:


(I was very sick last night.)


(The library is not too far from the dorm.)

2. “没有”(没)用来对关于过去客观事实的陈述,表示所说的某个动作行为(或状况)过去没有发生。例如:

Instead, méiyǒu (often shortened to méi) is used in negative statements about factual past events, which indicate that some action (not a state) did not occur in the past. For example:


(David didn’t come to class the day before yesterday.)


(I didn’t preview this lesson yesterday.)

October 22, 2010

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