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语法Grammar: the adverb 就jiu4

“就”(1)has the function of emphasis. It is used to either confirm a fact, or stress that “this is exactly what the fact is”. For example:

这就是北京。

就是这个人。

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The adverb“就”(2)is often used to suggest the earliness or quickness of an action. It is also used to indicate that an action or event takes place immediately after the previous one. For example:

刚七点,他就来了。

我们现在就去借书。

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The adverb “就”(3)often connects two verbs or verbal phrases (with the particle “了”usually added to the first one) and suggests that the second action takes place as soon as the first one is completed. For example:

他吃了饭就来了。

他们到了医院就给他打电话。

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The adverb “就”(4)link the previous statement and its conclusion. For example:

爬上山以后,他们都觉得有点儿累,就坐下来休息。

王贵觉得很不好意思,就问张才:“刚才它跟你说什么了?”

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The adverb “就”(5)is frequently used to define the scope of something, meaning “only”, and it can be followed by a noun, a verbal phrase, or a subject-predicate phrase, for example:

绣花睡衣都卖完了,就这几件了。

她就学过英语,没有学过别的外语。

昨天就他没有来,别的人都来了。

January 21, 2011

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