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语法Grammar:Words expressing time as adverbials

Words expressing time, such as “现在”, “今天”, “下午”, “二月二十号” can function as adverbials to indicate the time of occurrence of an action or a state. Adverbials of time (Time-When) can be placed either (1) after the subject and before the main element of the predicate or (2) before the subject to emphasize the time.

SubjectPredicate
T WV    O / A 
星期天有 时间吗?
上午、下午都  有  课。 
中国人生日 吃  蛋糕吗?
宋华1982年10月27日出生。 
今天很      忙 

 

Time wordsSubjectPredicate
V      O    /    A
明天上午  有没有  课?
星期天下午我们有      一个聚会。
今天我们  吃      北京烤鸭。
今天很                   忙。

Note:

1. Adverbials of time (Time-When) can never be placed after the predicative verb. For example, one cannot say “我们吃烤鸭今天”.

2. If there is more than one word expressing time in one adverbial, a large unit of time should be put before a smaller unit. For example: “明天上午”, “星期日下午”.

October 9, 2010

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