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语法Grammar:Expressing the date and days of the week

In Chinese, the four figures making up the name of a year are read out as four separate numbers and “年 nian2” is put at the end. For example:

一九九八年yī jiǔ jiǔ bā nián
二000年èr líng líng líng nián
二00二年èr líng líng èr nián
二0一0年èr líng yī líng nián

The name of the 12 months are produced by combining the cardinal numbers 1 to 12 with “月yue4”.For example:

一月yī yuèJanuary七月qī yuèJuly
二月èr yuèFebruary八月bā yuèAugust
三月sān yuèMarch九月jiǔ yuèSeptember
四月Sì yuèApril十月shí yuèOctober
五月wǔ yuèMay十一月shíyī yuèNovember
六月Liù yuèJune十二月shièr yuèDecember

The names of the dates are produced by combining cardinal numbers 1 to 30 (or 31) with “号hao4”(spoken form) or “日ri4”(written form). For example:

二月六号èr yuè liù hàoFebruary 6
十月十二号shí yuè shièr hàoOctober 12
十一月二十二日shíyī yuè èrshièr hàoNovember 22
十二月三十一日shí’èr yuè sānshíyī hàoDecember 31

If one mentions a date in the current month, one can omit “月yue4” and simply say “…号 hao4”.

The cardinal numbers from 1 to 6 follow “星期 xing1qi1” to express Monday to Saturday. The name for Sunday is “星期天xing1qi1 tian1”(spoken form) or “星期日”(written form).

星期一xīngqī yīMonday星期五Fridayxīngqī wǔ
星期二xīngqī èrTuesday星期六Saturdayxīngqī liù
星期三xīngqī sānWednesday星期日Sundayxīngqī rì
星期四xīngqī sìThursday

The word order for expressing the date and days of the week is:

年 + 月 + 日 + 星期

2010年11月3日星期三

èrlíngyīlíng nián shíyī yuè sān rì xīngqī sān

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